Propranolol

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IMPORTANT: COM UTILITZAR AQUESTA INFORMACIÓ: Aquest és un resum i NO té tota la informació possible sobre aquest producte. Aquesta informació no garanteix que aquest producte sigui segur, efectiu o adequat per a vostè. Aquesta informació no és un consell mèdic individual i no substitueix el consell del vostre professional de la salut. Demaneu sempre al vostre professional de la salut informació completa sobre aquest producte i les vostres necessitats específiques de salut.

  • PROPRANOLOL S.R. – ORAL (pro-PRAN-oh-lol)
  • NOM(S) DE MARCA COMUNS - Inderal LA

ADVERTIMENT: Do not stop using this drug without first consulting your doctor. Your condition may become worse when the drug is suddenly stopped, especially if you have chest pain (angina) or heart disease (e.g., coronary artery disease, ischemic heart disease, high blood pressure). If your doctor decides you should no longer use this drug, you must gradually decrease your dose according to your doctor’s instructions.

When gradually stopping this medication, it is recommended that you temporarily limit physical activity to decrease strain on the heart. Seek immediate medical attention if you develop:

  • worsening chest pain
  • tightness/pressure in the chest
  • chest pain spreading to the jaw/neck/arm
  • unusual sweating
  • dificultat per respirar
  • or fast and irregular heartbeat

ÚS:

This medication is a beta blocker used to treat high blood pressure, irregular heartbeats, shaking (tremors), and other conditions as determined by your doctor. It is used after a heart attack to improve survival. It is also used to prevent migraine headaches and chest pain (angina). Lowering high blood pressure helps prevent strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems. Preventing chest pain can help improve your ability to exercise.

This drug works by blocking the action of certain natural chemicals in your body (such as epinephrine) that affect the heart and blood vessels. This effect reduces heart rate, blood pressure, and strain on the heart.

COM UTILITZAR?:

Cost estimat: 89 USD

Temps necessari: 00 dies 00 hores 05 minuts

La dosi es basa en el vostre problema clínic, així com en els comentaris a la teràpia. Per reduir el perill d'efectes negatius, el vostre professional mèdic us pot guiar per començar aquest medicament amb una dosi reduïda i augmentar la dosi lentament. Seguiu les instruccions del vostre professional mèdic amb molta cura. Preneu aquest medicament amb freqüència per obtenir-ne un dels beneficis més grans. Per ajudar-vos a tenir en compte, preneu-lo a la mateixa hora cada dia.

  1. Pren

    Take this medication by mouth usually once daily; or as directed by your doctor. Swallow the capsules whole; do not crush or chew the capsules.

  2. Dosificació

    La dosi es basa en la vostra condició mèdica i la resposta al tractament.

  3. Utilitzeu aquest medicament amb regularitat

    Use this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same time each day. It is important to continue taking this medication even if you feel well.

  4. Prevent chest pain

    This medication is used to help prevent chest pain or migraines. It should not be used to treat chest pain or migraines when they occur. Use other medications (e.g., nitroglycerin tablets placed under the tongue for chest pain, sumatriptan for migraines) to relieve sudden attacks as directed by your doctor. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for details.

  5. Benefici

    It may take 1 to 2 weeks before you get the full benefit of this drug.

  6. Lower your cholesterol

    If you also take certain drugs to lower your cholesterol (bile acid-binding resins such as cholestyramine or colestipol), take propranolol at least 1 hour before or at least 4 hours after these medications.

  7. Doctor

    Tell your doctor if your condition worsens (e.g., your routine blood pressure readings increase, your chest pain or migraines occur more often).

EFECTES SECUNDARIS:

  • Mareig
  • lightheadedness or tiredness may occur as your body adjusts to the medication
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • mal de panxa
  • canvis de visió
  • problemes per dormir
  • and unusual dreams may also occur

Si algun d'aquests efectes persisteix o empitjora, digueu-li immediatament al seu metge o farmacèutic.

Aquest medicament pot reduir el flux sanguini a les mans i els peus, fent-los sentir fred. Fumar pot empitjorar aquest efecte. Vesteix-te amb abric i evita el consum de tabac.

Recordeu que el vostre metge li ha prescrit aquest medicament perquè ha considerat que el benefici per a vostè és més gran que el risc d'efectes secundaris. Moltes persones que fan servir aquest medicament no tenen efectes secundaris greus.

Informeu immediatament al vostre metge si es produeix algun d'aquests efectes secundaris poc probables però greus:

  • shortness of breath
  • dits blaus de les mans/dels peus
  • inflor de turmells/peus
  • mental/mood changes (e.g., depression)
  • numbness/tingling of arms/legs
  • very slow heartbeat
  • desmais
  • disminució de la capacitat sexual
  • augment de pes sobtat/inexplicable
  • augment de la set/orinar

Informeu immediatament al vostre metge si es produeix algun d'aquests efectes secundaris rars però molt greus:

  • hematomes/hemorràgia fàcils
  • signs of infection (e.g., fever, persistent sore throat)
  • aching/swollen joints

Una reacció al·lèrgica molt greu a aquest fàrmac és rara. Tanmateix, busqueu atenció mèdica immediata si observeu algun símptoma d'una reacció al·lèrgica greu, com ara:

  • erupció
  • picor/inflor (especialment de la cara/llengua/gola)
  • marejos severs
  • dificultat per respirar

Aquesta no és una llista completa dels possibles efectes secundaris. Si observeu altres efectes no enumerats anteriorment, poseu-vos en contacte amb el vostre metge o farmacèutic.

Al Regne Unit: truqueu al vostre metge per obtenir assessorament mèdic sobre els efectes secundaris.

PRECAUCIONS:

Before taking propranolol, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have had a serious reaction to other beta blockers (e.g., metoprolol); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

  1. Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: other breathing problems (e.g., asthma, bronchitis, emphysema), heart failure, certain types of heart rhythm problems (sinus bradycardia, Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, second- or third-degree atrioventricular block), overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), kidney disease, liver disease, blood circulation problems (e.g., Raynaud’s disease), a certain type of tumor (pheochromocytoma), mental/mood disorders (e.g., depression), certain muscle/nerve disease (myasthenia gravis), severe allergic reactions.
  2. Abans d'operar-se, digueu al vostre metge o dentista que està prenent aquest medicament.
  3. If you have diabetes, this product may prevent the fast/pounding heartbeat you would usually feel when your blood sugar level falls too low (hypoglycemia). Other symptoms of a low blood sugar level, such as dizziness and sweating, are unaffected by this drug. This product also may make it harder to control your blood sugar levels. Check your blood sugar levels regularly as directed by your doctor. Tell your doctor immediately if you have symptoms of high blood sugar such as increased thirst, hunger, and urination. Your anti-diabetic medication or diet may need to be adjusted.
  4. Aquest fàrmac pot causar marejos. No conduïu, utilitzeu maquinària ni feu cap activitat que requereixi vigilància fins que no estigueu segur que podeu realitzar aquestes activitats amb seguretat. Limiteu les begudes alcohòliques.
  5. Per reduir el risc de mareig i vertigen, aixequeu-vos lentament quan us aixequeu d'una posició asseguda o estirada.
  6. During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Infants exposed to this medication during pregnancy may have low birth weight, low blood sugar, or slow breathing/heartbeat. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.

This drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

INTERACCIONS FARMÀCIQUES:

Les interaccions amb medicaments poden canviar el funcionament dels vostres medicaments o augmentar el risc d'efectes secundaris greus. Aquest document no conté totes les possibles interaccions farmacològiques. Mantingueu una llista de tots els productes que utilitzeu (inclosos els medicaments amb recepta o sense recepta i els productes a base d'herbes) i compartiu-lo amb el vostre metge i farmacèutic. No inicieu, atureu o canvieu la dosi de cap medicament sense l'aprovació del vostre metge.

Alguns productes que poden interactuar amb aquest medicament inclouen:

  • alpha blockers (e.g., prazosin)
  • aluminum hydroxide
  • anticholinergics (e.g., atropine, scopolamine)
  • calcium channel blockers (e.g., diltiazem, verapamil)
  • chlorpromazine
  • diazepam
  • other drugs to treat high blood pressure (e.g., clonidine, hydralazine, methyldopa, reserpine)
  • epinephrine
  • fingolimod
  • haloperidol
  • other heart medications (e.g., amiodarone, digoxin, disopyramide, propafenone, quinidine)
  • mefloquine
  • rizatriptan
  • teofilina
  • thioridazine
  • thyroid hormones (e.g., levothyroxine)
  • warfarin
  • drugs affecting liver enzymes that remove propranolol from your body (such as cimetidine, St. John’s wort, certain SSRI antidepressants including fluoxetine/paroxetine/fluvoxamine, HIV protease inhibitors including ritonavir, rifamycins including rifabutin, certain anti-seizure medicines including carbamazepine).

Check the labels on all your medicines (such as cough-and-cold products, diet aids, or NSAIDs such as ibuprofen, naproxen) because they may contain ingredients that could increase your heart rate or blood pressure. Ask your pharmacist for more details.

This medication may interfere with certain laboratory tests (including glaucoma screening test, cardiovascular stress testing using arbutamine), possibly causing false test results. Make sure laboratory personnel and all your doctors know you use this drug.

SOBREDOSI:

If overdose is suspected, contact a poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call their local poison control center. United Kingdom residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include:

  • unusually slow heartbeat
  • marejos severs
  • slow or shallow breathing
  • weakness, or fainting.

NOTES: Do not share this medication with others. Lifestyle changes such as stress reduction programs, exercise and dietary changes may increase the effectiveness of this medicine. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist about lifestyle changes that might benefit you.

Have your blood pressure and pulse checked regularly while taking this medication. It may be best to learn how to monitor your own blood pressure and pulse. Discuss this with your doctor.

DOSI FALTA:

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember, but not if it is within 8 hours of the next dose. If it is within 8 hours of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.

EMMAGATZEMATGE:

  • Store at room temperature away from light and moisture.
  • No emmagatzemar al bany.
  • Keep all medications away from children and pets.
  • No tireu medicaments al vàter ni els aboqueu al desguàs tret que se us ho indiqui.
  • Descarta correctament aquest producte quan estigui caducat o ja no sigui necessari.

Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.

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