Kaliumchlorid

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WICHTIG: WIE MAN DIESE INFORMATIONEN VERWENDET: Dies ist eine Zusammenfassung und enthält NICHT alle möglichen Informationen zu diesem Produkt. Diese Informationen garantieren nicht, dass dieses Produkt sicher, wirksam oder für Sie geeignet ist. Diese Informationen stellen keine individuelle medizinische Beratung dar und ersetzen nicht die Beratung durch Ihren Arzt. Fragen Sie Ihren Arzt immer nach vollständigen Informationen zu diesem Produkt und Ihren spezifischen gesundheitlichen Bedürfnissen.

  • POTASSIUM CITRATE TABLET – ORAL (poh-TASS-ee-um SYE-trate)
  • GEMEINSAMER MARKENNAME(N) – Urocit-K

VERWENDUNGSZWECK:

This medication is used to make the urine less acidic. This effect helps the kidneys get rid of uric acid, thereby helping to prevent gout and kidney stones. This medication can also prevent and treat certain metabolic problems (acidosis) caused by kidney disease.

Citric acid and citrate salts (which contain potassium and sodium) belong to a class of drugs known as urinary alkalinizers. If you have a condition that requires you to limit your intake of potassium and sodium, your doctor may direct you to take a product that is lower in potassium and sodium.

WIE BENUTZT MAN?:

Benötigte Zeit : 00 Tage 00 Stunden 05 Minuten

Die Dosis richtet sich nach Ihrem klinischen Problem sowie nach dem Feedback zur Therapie. Um das Risiko negativer Wirkungen zu verringern, kann Ihr Arzt Sie anweisen, dieses Arzneimittel mit einer reduzierten Dosierung zu beginnen und Ihre Dosierung langsam zu erhöhen. Befolgen Sie die Anweisungen Ihres Arztes sehr sorgfältig. Nehmen Sie dieses Arzneimittel häufig ein, um den größten Nutzen daraus zu ziehen. Nehmen Sie es jeden Tag zur gleichen Zeit ein, damit Sie es nicht vergessen.

  1. Nehmen

    Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor. Follow your doctor's directions carefully. This medication should be taken with meals or a bedtime snack.

  2. Swallow this medication

    Swallow this medication with a full glass of water or other liquid (8 ounces or 240 milliliters) unless your doctor directs you otherwise. Do not crush, chew, or suck the tablets. Doing so can release all of the drug at once, increasing the risk of side effects. Also, do not split the tablets unless they have a score line and your doctor or pharmacist tells you to do so. Swallow the whole or split tablet without crushing or chewing. Do not lie down for 10 minutes after taking this medication. Do not take this medication on an empty stomach.

  3. Your doctor

    Your doctor may direct you to eat a low-salt (low-sodium) diet and drink lots of fluids. Follow your doctor's directions closely. Do not use salt substitutes that contain potassium.

  4. Dosierung

    Dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment.

  5. Take this medication

    Take this medication exactly as prescribed. Do not increase your dose or take this more often without your doctor's approval. Use this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same times each day.

  6. Arzt

    While taking this medication, you may need to test the pH (acidity) of your urine using special paper. The pH will help determine the proper dose. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

NEBENWIRKUNGEN:

  • Nausea
  • vomiting
  • diarrhea
  • and stomach pain may occur.

Taking it after meals will help prevent these side effects. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

An empty tablet shell may appear in your stool. This is harmless because your body has already absorbed the medication.

Denken Sie daran, dass Ihr Arzt dieses Medikament verschrieben hat, weil er der Meinung ist, dass der Nutzen für Sie größer ist als das Risiko von Nebenwirkungen. Viele Menschen, die dieses Medikament einnehmen, haben keine ernsthaften Nebenwirkungen.

This drug may cause serious stomach or intestinal problems (e.g., bleeding, blockage, puncture). Tell your doctor immediately if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur:

  • abdominal swelling
  • black/bloody stools
  • constipation
  • Schwindel
  • fast heartbeat
  • severe stomach/abdominal pain
  • difficult/painful swallowing
  • severe vomiting
  • vomit that looks like coffee grounds

This medication may cause high potassium levels in the blood (hyperkalemia). Tell your doctor immediately if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur:

  • muscle cramps/weakness
  • starker Schwindel
  • slow/irregular heartbeat
  • mental/mood changes (e.g., confusion, restlessness)
  • tingling of the hands/feet
  • unusually cold skin

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including:

  • Ausschlag
  • Juckreiz/Schwellung (besonders im Gesicht/Zunge/Hals)
  • starker Schwindel
  • Atembeschwerden

Dies ist keine vollständige Liste möglicher Nebenwirkungen. Wenn Sie andere oben nicht aufgeführte Wirkungen bemerken, wenden Sie sich an Ihren Arzt oder Apotheker.

In Großbritannien – Rufen Sie Ihren Arzt an, um ärztlichen Rat zu Nebenwirkungen einzuholen.

VORSICHTSMASSNAHMEN:

Before taking this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

  1. This medication should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have: underactive adrenal gland (Addison’s disease), current bladder infection, uncontrolled diabetes, severe heart disease (e.g., recent heart attack, heart damage), certain stomach/intestinal problems (diabetic gastroparesis, conditions decreasing gut movement, peptic ulcer, blockage), severe kidney disease (e.g., inability to make urine), potassium-restricted diet, high potassium levels, severe loss of body water (dehydration).
  2. Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: low calcium levels, severe diarrhea, heart problems (e.g., irregular heartbeat, heart failure), kidney disease, stomach/gut problems (e.g., irritable bowel), severe tissue damage (e.g., severe burns).
  3. Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist that you are taking this medication.
  4. Während der Schwangerschaft sollte dieses Medikament nur verwendet werden, wenn es eindeutig erforderlich ist. Besprechen Sie die Risiken und Vorteile mit Ihrem Arzt.

It is not known whether this drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

WECHSELWIRKUNGEN MIT ANDEREN MEDIKAMENTEN:

The effects of some drugs can change if you take other drugs or herbal products at the same time. This can increase your risk for serious side effects or may cause your medications not to work correctly. These drug interactions are possible, but do not always occur. Your doctor or pharmacist can often prevent or manage interactions by changing how you use your medications or by close monitoring.

To help your doctor and pharmacist give you the best care, be sure to tell your doctor and pharmacist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) before starting treatment with this product. While using this product, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any other medicines you are using without your doctor’s approval.

Einige Produkte, die mit diesem Medikament interagieren können, sind:

  • antacids that contain aluminum
  • aspirin and other salicylates (e.g., salsalate)
  • certain blood pressure medications (e.g., ACE inhibitors such as lisinopril, angiotensin blockers such as losartan)
  • corticosteroids (e.g., prednisone)
  • drospirenone
  • drugs that slow the movement of food/drugs through the esophagus/stomach (e.g., anticholinergics such as belladonna/scopolamine/benztropine, antispasmodics such as glycopyrrolate/oxybutynin, strong narcotic pain medicines such as morphine)
  • eplerenone
  • certain heart medications (e.g., quinidine, digoxin)
  • Lithium
  • potassium supplements (including salt substitutes)
  • Pramlintide
  • stimulants/decongestants (e.g., amphetamine, pseudoephedrine)
  • certain “water pills” (potassium-sparing diuretics such as amiloride, spironolactone, triamterene)

This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use. Share this list with your doctor and pharmacist to lessen your risk for serious medication problems.

ÜBERDOSIS:

If overdose is suspected, contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call the US National Poison Hotline at 1-800-222-1222. United Kingdom residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include:

  • slow heartbeat
  • Herzattacke
  • inability to move.

ANMERKUNGEN: Teilen Sie dieses Medikament nicht mit anderen.

Laboratory and/or medical tests (e.g., complete blood count, potassium/sodium/chloride levels, kidney tests) should be performed periodically to monitor your progress or check for side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.

VERPASSTE DOSIS:

Wenn Sie eine Dosis vergessen haben, nehmen Sie diese ein, sobald Sie sich daran erinnern. Wenn es kurz vor der nächsten Dosis ist, überspringen Sie die vergessene Dosis und nehmen Sie Ihr übliches Dosierungsschema wieder auf. Verdoppeln Sie die Dosis nicht, um aufzuholen.

LAGERUNG:

  • Store at room temperature between 68-77 degrees F (20-25 degrees C) away from light and moisture.
  • Nicht im Badezimmer aufbewahren.
  • Keep all medicines away from children and pets.
  • Spülen Sie Medikamente nicht in die Toilette oder gießen Sie sie nicht in einen Abfluss, es sei denn, Sie werden dazu aufgefordert.
  • Entsorgen Sie dieses Produkt ordnungsgemäß, wenn es abgelaufen ist oder nicht mehr benötigt wird.

Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for more details about how to safely discard your product.

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