IMPORTANT: HOW TO USE THIS INFORMATION: This is a summary and does NOT have all possible information about this product. This information does not assure that this product is safe, effective, or appropriate for you. This information is not individual medical advice and does not substitute for the advice of your health care professional. Always ask your health care professional for complete information about this product and your specific health needs.
- MEPROBAMATE – ORAL (meh-PRO-buh-mate)
- COMMON BRAND NAME(S) – Equanil
USES: This medication is used short-term to treat symptoms of anxiety and nervousness. It acts on certain centers of the brain to help calm your nervous system.
HOW TO USE:
Take this medication by mouth with or without food, usually 2 to 4 times daily or as directed by your doctor.
Dosage is based on your age, medical condition, and response to treatment. Adults should not take more than 2400 milligrams in a 24-hour period.
- Take this medication
Do not increase your dose or take this medication more often than prescribed. Your condition will not improve any faster, and the risk of serious side effects may be increased.
- Using this medication
If you suddenly stop using this medication, you may have withdrawal symptoms (such as vomiting, shakiness, confusion, and rarely seizures). To help prevent withdrawal, your doctor may lower your dose slowly. Withdrawal is more likely if you have used meprobamate for a long time or in high doses. Tell your doctor or pharmacist right away if you have withdrawal.
- Medication is used for a long time
When this medication is used for a long time, it may not work as well. Your doctor may need to increase your dose or change your medication. Talk with your doctor if this medication stops working well.
- Cause addiction
Though it helps many people, this medication may sometimes cause addiction. This risk may be higher if you have a substance use disorder (such as overuse of or addiction to drugs/alcohol). Take this medication exactly as prescribed to lower the risk of addiction. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more details.
Tell your doctor if your condition persists or worsens.
Drowsiness, dizziness, headache, excitement, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
Tell your doctor right away if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: numbness/tingling/swelling of arms/legs.
Tell your doctor right away if any of these rare but very serious side effects occur: fast/irregular heartbeat, fainting, signs of infection (such as fever, persistent sore throat), easy bruising/bleeding, signs of kidney problems (such as change in the amount of urine), unusual tiredness.
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the UK – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In United Kingdom – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.
Before taking meprobamate, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to carisoprodol, mebutamate, tybamate, or carbromal; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
- Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: a certain liver/blood disorder (porphyria), kidney disease, liver disease, brain disorders (such as seizures, brain damage), personal or family history of a substance use disorder (such as overuse of or addiction to drugs/alcohol).
- This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy. Alcohol or marijuana (cannabis) can make you more dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs alertness until you can do it safely. Avoid alcoholic beverages. Talk to your doctor if you are using marijuana (cannabis).
- Older adults may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drug, especially drowsiness and addiction. Drowsiness can increase the risk of falling.
- During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.
- This medication passes into breast milk and may have undesirable effects on a nursing infant. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor’s approval.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking other products that cause drowsiness, including alcohol, marijuana (cannabis), antihistamines (such as cetirizine, diphenhydramine), drugs for sleep or anxiety (such as alprazolam, diazepam, zolpidem), muscle relaxants (such as carisoprodol), and narcotic pain relievers (such as codeine).
Check the labels on all your medicines (such as allergy or cough-and-cold products) because they may contain ingredients that cause drowsiness. Ask your pharmacist about using those products safely.
If someone has overdosed and has serious symptoms such as passing out or trouble breathing, call 911. Otherwise, call a poison control center right away. United Kingdom residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: clumsiness, slurred speech, severe dizziness/drowsiness, or slow/shallow breathing.
NOTES: Do not share this medication with others. Sharing it is against the law.
Keep all medical appointments. Your doctor will periodically monitor your progress or check for side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.
If you are taking this on a regular schedule and you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose. Take your next dose at the regular time. Do not double the dose to catch up.
Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. See packaging or consult your pharmacist for the exact temperature range. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medicines away from children and pets.
Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for more details about how to safely discard your product.
Information last revised April 2019. Copyright(c) 2019 First Databank, Inc.